Page under construction
How it all started
Our school has a long history which has started from a two-classes Russian speaking basic school. Documents from the National Archives confirm that there were two two-classes basic schools in Reval (former name of Tallinn) since 1789. Copies of the document. In 1873 Ministry of Education united them in one three-classes basic school which was located at 69 Morskaya (Sea) Street (it is Pikk Street now).
On 1st January, 1874, there were 69 students and 5 teachers (two were the teachers of Theology from Lutheran and Orthodox churches).
In 1889 in connection with the 100 year anniversary the Ministry of Education made a decision of renaming the school. The new name was Reval Basic School named after the Empress Catherine II. On 24th November, this event was celebrated. This official name our school had till the autumn 1917 when (after the revolution) the name was abolished and our school got the number.
At the end of the XVII century the church was mainly in charge of the public education in Estonia but after The Great Northern War the government of Russian Empire also participated in it. Although the latter recognized the Lutheran Religion to be the dominant one in the Baltic provinces, the influence of the church decreased.
Bishops were appointed neither to Estonia nor Livonia. In Livonia the head of the church like in “Swedish Time” was General-Superintendant.
In the second part of the XVIII century the first attempts were made to establish general public education. In 1756 Livonian Landtag (local parliament) approved the program of schools’ organization offered by General-Superintendant Zimmerman. The program provided establishing of school in every parish and large domains. But the program was severely opposed by the local landlords. Only in 1786 the Statute of Public Schools in Russian Empire was issued in Russia. According to it four-classes (with five years of study, the first was preliminary) Head Public Schools were supposed to be established in provincial towns. But this document didn’t break the deadlock of education development either. Therefore in 1787 Governor General of Estonia and Livonia George Brown issued the additional option of the regulations – The New School Law. In accordance with it, Reval Head Public School was founded in 1789.It was a two-classes school. This school was renamed in a three-classes Town School in 1872 and in 1889 it was officially called Reval Basic School named after the Empress Catherine II (then it was a four-classes school).
The school has different names till 1917. It was named Reval III Goverment Men’s Basic School, the first and the second Goverment Men’s Basic School, the first Goverment Women’s Basic School.
On 20th November, 1917, Reval City Council assigned the serial number to the school and it was named Reval City XIX Basic School. Continuing the traditions of the Russian community which celebrated 100 anniversary of its national school on the 24th November, 1889, teachers’ meeting in autumn 1925 made a decision to announce the 24th November to be The Day of The School since then this date has been celebrating in our school.
Our school had the number 19 till November 1993 and since then it has been named Tallinn Tõnismäe Reaalkool. Since 1955 our school became co-educational one (till that time it was a single sex one). In 1945 the first graduation of the seven-year school took place and in 1948 the first graduation of the secondary school occurred (then it was an eleven-year school).
For more then 200 years of its existence our school has changed its address many times. At the end of the XVIII century it was located at 69 Morskaya (Sea) Street (it is Pikk Street now). In 1934 at 16 Karu (Bear) Street (it was joined with the Jews’ school), at 25 Lai (Wide) Street (was joined with 2nd secondary school) then 8 Hariduse (Education) Street…….
Our school is located at the crossroads Pärnu mnt and Suur-America Street (50 Pärnu mnt) since 1960.
The secondary school had 49 graduations and about 5000 students left it. In spring 1998 the 50th anniversary graduation took place.
Chronology of our school
1789 - Reval head Public School (a two-classes one)
1872 – A three-classes school
1889 - Reval Basic School named after the Empress Catherine II
1910 - Reval III Goverment Men’s Basic School
1912 – (from 25th August 1912 till 5th August 1914) - Reval I and III Goverment Men’s Basic School
1914 - (from 23rd November 1914 till 8th March 1917) - Reval I and III Goverment Men’s Basic School and Reval I Goverment Women’s Basic School
1917 (20th November) - Reval City XIX Basic School
1939 – Tallinn 19 Basic School
1940 - Tallinn City 19 Incomplete Secondary School
1942 - Tallinn 19 Basic School
1944 - Tallinn 19 Basic School (Russian speaking)
1945 - Tallinn City 19 Secondary School
1993 (November) - Tallinn Tõnismäe Reaalkool
1789 - 69 Morskaya (Sea) Street (it is Pikk Street now).
1934 - 16 Karu (Bear) Street (it was joined with the Jews’ school)
1950-1960 - 8 Hariduse (Education) Street
1960 - at present - Pärnu mnt and Suur-America Street (50 Pärnu mnt)
Stages of Maturation
1945 - The first graduation of the seven-year school
1948 - The first graduation of the secondary school
1953 - Our school became co-educational one (till that time it was a single sex one)